ibyang -" 입양 " - def. a Korean adoptee
kyopo/gyopo - "교포"- def. a 2nd generation Korean raised in the west
umma/omma - "엄마" - def. mommy/mom
appa - "아빠" - def. daddy/dad
unni - "언니" - def. girl's big sister
nuna - "누나" - def. boy's big sister
dongsaeng - "동생" - girl's little sister
nam dongsaeng - "남동생" - def. little brother
hyeong - "형" - def. boy's big brother
oppa - "오빠" - def. girl's big brother
ahjuma - "아점마" - def. middle aged woman "mrs" or "ms"
ahjushi - "아저씨" - def. middle aged man "mr"
han, hanguk - "한," "한국" - korean. "han" is also the name of the river in seoul
miguk - "미국" - american
kang - "강" - river
adopters - refers to parents who adopted children
my files / my papers - refers to the personal case histories of ibyangs
K-1***** numbers - every ibyang is given a case number. the number following the "K" denotes their orphan number. i.e. K-10094 means K-10094 was the 10,094th ibyang from Korea.
1st wave(rs), 2nd wave(rs), 3rd wave(rs) - refers to the 3 "generations" of ibyangs. 1st wavers were adopted in the 50s and mid 60s and many of these adoptions were as a result of the Korean war and the mix-raced children who were abandoned by American G.I. fathers. 2nd wavers are ibyangs who were adopted in the mid-60's and 70s (sometimes people will also include the very early 80s)- the 2nd wave is the largest as the korean gov't had yet to set many stipulations on adoption practices in korea. 3rd wavers are ibyangs from the 80's-90's.
"the big 4" - refers to the 4 main adoption agencies in Korea that the majority of ibyangs were adopted through. these agencies are: Holt, Korean Social Services -KSS, Eastern Social Welfare Society - (Eastern/ESWS), Social Welfare Society (SWS)
"200,000" - refers to the amount of ibyangs exported to the west since the end of the Korean war in 1953
Harry and Bertha Holt - Evangelical farmers from Eugene Oregon. Founders of Holt. Bertha Holt is often referred to in Holt lit. and adoptive families as "Grandma Holt"
Holt-Korea - originally named "Orphan's Foundation Fund, Inc" established by harry and bertha in seoul 1956. They are the largest exporter of ibyangs to the west and to date have sent approx 80,000 Korean children to the west. They are partnered with Holt-International in the states to export Korean children to the west.
Holt-International - established 1971 and based out of Eugene, Oregon. Holt-Korea's placement "service" provider.
CAPOK - little is known or can be found about this organization. They were located at the Old Severance Hospital near Seoul Station. Due to my (kim's) personal interactions with Holt-Korea what I've been able to understand is that they were a domestic adoption agency that once existed in Seoul but closed down sometime in the mid-late 70's. Holt-Korea claims that when CAPOK closed down all the children from CAPOK were set to Holt-Korea and Holt-Korea took over their cases and files. HOWEVER - it is speculated by others that CAPOK may actually have beenone of Holt's many "homes for single mothers" backed by Holt as such practices were not uncommon in the 2nd wave. What is know is that these homes existed for single women in Korea to have a place to stay during their pregnancy with the understanding that they would turn their children over to Holt for adoption to the west.
White Lily - Catholic orphanage in Daegu/Taegu Korea. some ibyangs were privately adopted through this orphanage. It no longer exists as an orphanage but now runs as a Montesorri school for low income families.
OAKs - Overseas Korean Adoptees
G.O.A.L. - Global Overseas Adoptee Link - "Global Overseas Adoptees' Link (G.O.A.'L) is a non-profit organization and a NGO consisting of overseas Korean adoptees (OAKs) and native Koreans working together to locate birth families and experience Korean life and culture. " http://www.goal.or.kr/eng/